Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC)
In 1997 the Cambodian government requested the United Nations to create a tribunal for the crimes committed during the Khmer Rouge period. This tribunal is officially named the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia for the Prosecution of Crimes Committed during the Period of Democratic Kampuchea (ECCC), but is better known as the Khmer Rouge Tribunal or the Cambodian tribunal. The government insisted to place the tribunal in Cambodia and to use Cambodian personnel and judges in combination with international staff. Although the tribunal has been founded by the United Nations and the Cambodian government, it functions independently. The tribunal is Cambodian but follows international standards.
Currently four cases have been brought to the Court or are still on trial. Kaing Guek Eav alias Duch, who was in charge of the former S-21 prison in Phnom Penh, has been convicted to a life sentence by the Supreme Court in case 001. The second case has been split into two parts. Originally this case had four suspects, but since Ieng Sary passed away and Ieng Thirith was unfit to stand trial, Khieu Samphan and Chea Nuon are left in this case. They have been found guilty of crimes against humanity and both have been convicted to a life sentence. The second part of charges is currently brought before trial. In case 003 two suspects, among who Meas Mutch, are brought to trial and case 004 has three suspects among who Im Chaem and Ao An.