In 1994 the decade long ethnic tensions between Hutu and Tutsis reached a violent escalation. The genocide occurred in a context of economic, political and social crisis. In April, the plane of Hutu president Habyrimana was shot down, after which a wave of violence spread through the country. In 100 days, almost 1 million Tutsis and moderate Hutus were killed by soldiers, local militias (interahamwe), and the local Hutu population.

Comics and graphic novels about the genocide in Rwanda

The depiction of the Rwandan genocide in comic books and graphic novels has been extremely varied.  Much like the literature on the Holocaust, a focus on memory and a mixture of differing genres and approaches have provided unique representations of storytelling. In many cases emerging from survivor authors, Rwandese Genocide graphic novels have covered a range of perspectives, from Hutu and Tutsi perpetrators and victims respectively to French and Belgium bystanders. Graphic novels have also been utilized for educational and transitional justice purposes by both the ICTR and the Rwandese RPF government, illustrating the new idea of a unified Rwanda.

ICTR & M.N. Kinuthia (2011). 100 Days: In The Land of the Thousand Hills, p. 52. 100 Days: In The Land of the Thousand Hills © ICTR, 2011.
J.P. Stassen (2000). Deogratias: A Tale of Rwanda, p. 74. Deogratias : A Tale of Rwanda © First Second Books, 2000.
J. Janssen (1997). Muzungu: Sluipend Gif, p. 37. Muzungu: Sluipend Gif © Wonderland half vier productions, 1997