24 April 2018

Nearly eight hundred wartime photographs by Menno Huizinga now freely available.

During the hunger winter (1944) the scarcity led to people arguing over pieces of wood. Obrechtstraat, the Hague.

From poignant images of the hunger winter in The Hague to the demolition of neighborhoods for the construction of the Atlantic Wall, and fleeing NSB'ers on ‘Dolle Dinsdag’: photographer Menno Huizinga captured unique images of The Hague during the Second World War. His nearly eight hundred photographs in the collection at NIOD, the institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide studies, form the largest single contribution to the WWII Open Data Depot of the War Sources Network (NOB). You can view the Huizinga collection and other publicly available war resources via: bit.ly/OpenOorlogsources

Menno Huizinga was a Dutch professional photographer and a member of the Hidden Camera. For the first time, his photographs have been released into the public domain. Huizinga, his Leica hidden in a cheese box, secretly captured images of life in the city of The Hague during wartime. His photographic series about the Hunger Winter (1944) was smuggled to England and published in April, 1945, in the London edition of the magazine Vrij Nederland. With this series, Huizinga contributed considerably to awareness about the enormity of the difficulties faced by the Dutch during the devastating Hunger Winter.

Freely available

For many heritage organizations, it is too time-consuming to retroactively determine the legal status of WWII collections. This is why the NOB has gathered sources from the public domain with open user licenses, such as CC BY and CC BY-SA, regarding important war-related topics. The resources collected by the WWII Open Data Depot Project can be freely used in, for example, student papers, newspapers or documentaries, by curators for exhibitions, or for apps or games.
In addition to the open war-related sources of the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies, the project has, with the support of the Prins Bernhard Cultuurfonds, ammassed material from collections held by the Rotterdam Museum, the Zeeland Liberation Museum, Nijmegen’s Regional Archive, Museon, the Netherlands Institute for Sound and Vision, the Rijksmuseum and the National Archive. International institutions such as Library and Archives Canada and the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum have also made material publicly available.

Digital Access to the Dutch WWII Collection
NIOD is a participant and facilitator of the War Sources Network (NOB). This program is working on improving digital access to Dutch collections regarding the Second World War and the Holocaust in the then Kingdom of the Netherlands. NOB digitally connects sources from and about the Second World War from more than four hundred and thirty institutions, making them easier to find and use. The growing network organization now comprises nearly 80 participating institutions with WWII collections, from national museums to regional archives and memorial centers. The WWII search engine Oorlogsbronnen.nl contains more than ten million WWII sources. The War Sources Network is financed by the Ministry of VWS, Vfonds and VSBfonds.

In the WWII Open Data Depot Project, the Network of War Sources works with Wikimedia Netherlands, Sound and Vision, Museums and Remembrance Centers 40-45, the National 4 and 5 May Committee, Kennisland, and Liberation Route Europe. The WOII Open Data Depot project was made possible with the support of the Prins Bernhard Cultuurfonds.