Jewish survivors (in numbers)
The total number of children among the surviving deportees is unknown. In her book Om het joodse kind (‘For the Jewish Child’, Amsterdam 1991), Elma Verhey reports that only four to six thousand Jewish children survived the war in the Netherlands, most of them in hiding (p. 16). According to L. de Jong, about 4,500 Jewish children survived the war in hiding (Het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden in de Tweede Wereldoorlog (‘The Kingdom of the Netherlands During the Second World War’), vol. 12, p. 57). These numbers suggest that probably no more than a few hundred children survived deportation. It must be stressed that this is a very vague and somewhat arbitrary estimate.
There were other groups of Jews who survived the war: about 16,000 people in hiding, about 10,000 people in mixed marriages, about 3,000 people who had been accepted by the German Hans Calmeyer as 'Half-Jews', about 1,100 Protestant Jews who were not in mixed marriages, about 3,000 who had managed to flee to Switzerland or elsewhere, and finally about 900 Jews who were in camp Westerbork when it was liberated. The number of Jews in the Netherlands some time after the liberation, when the survivors had returned, will not have been much lower than about 36,000. (L. de Jong, Het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden in de Tweede Wereldoorlog (‘The Kingdom of the Netherlands During the Second World War’), vol. 12, pp. 54-55).