Martijn Eickhoff (1967) is senior researcher at NIOD, specialized in War and Culture Studies. Since 1 September 2019, he has also been working as a Professor by special appointment of Archaeology and Heritage of War and Mass Violence at the Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. He studies the history, cultural dimensions and afterlife of mass violence and regime changes in Asia and Europe during the 19th and 20th centuries, with a special focus on their spatial, material and transnational aspects. He is affiliated with NIOD since 2006 and was Assistant Professor at Radboud University Nijmegen from 2006 till 2015. Currently, he also works on secondment at the KITLV, where he coordinates the Regional Studies-project, within the Decolonisation, Violence and War in Indonesia, 1945-1950-programme.
Eickhoff recently did research on the memory landscapes of the anti-communist mass violence in Indonesia of the years 1965-68. In collaboration with the Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata he organized a memory studies project focussing on Semarang, the city where the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) was founded in 1920. In 2015 he co-organized, together with prof. dr. Gerry van Klinken (KITLV) and prof. dr. Geoffrey Robinson (UCLA) the international conference 1965 Today; Living with the Indonesian Massacres. They also guest-edited the Special Issue on Indonesia in 1965 of the Journal of Genocide Research.
Apart from that, Eickhoff also investigates the relation between archaeology, politics, heritage formation and mass violence in Asia and Europe. Between 2008-2013 he cooperated with dr. Marieke Bloembergen (KITLV) in a project about the transformations of archaeological sites in (post-)colonial Indonesia. This project was part of the NWO-research programme Sites, Bodies and Stories - The dynamics of heritage formation in colonial and postcolonial Indonesia and the Netherlands. The monograph of this project was published in 2020: The Politics of Heritage in Indonesia. A Cultural History (CUP). Currently he is also preparing an edited volume on National Socialist archaeology in Europe (Springer: 2020).
Eickhoff studied New and Theoretical History at the University of Amsterdam (1986-1992) and Pre- and Protohistorical Archaeology at the Freie Universität in Berlin (1993). He wrote his PHD at the University of Amsterdam (2003) on Dutch archaeologists and National Socialism. In 2005-2006, he was research fellow (NWO Talent Fellowship) at the Historische Institut of the Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, studying SS-excavations in the Czech Republic and Ukraine. In 2007, Eickhoff published the report In the Name of Science? P.J.W. Debye and his career in Nazi-Germany in which he analysed the (bureaucratic) career of the Dutch Nobel-prize-winner P.J.W. Debye in Germany.
Dissertation: De Oorsprong van het ‘Eigene'. Nederlands vroegste verleden, archeologie en nationaal-socialisme (Amsterdam: Uitgeverij Boom, 2003).
Other professional activities:
- member of the Scientific Advisory Council of Nationaal Monument Kamp Amersfoort (2020-...)
- member of the Scientific Advisory Council of the Royal Netherlands Institute in Rome (KNIR) (2019-...)
- editorial staff, Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis (2013-...).
- member ‘Historiographical commission of the IUPPS’ (International Union for Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences) (2012-...).
- member May 4 Committee Apollolaan Amsterdam (2015-...).
- editorial staff, Ex Tempore (2011-2015).
- Guest Lecturer Narratives of Heritage in de Master van het Department of Archaeology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta (2014-2016).
- Assistant-Professor Radboud University Nijmegen (2006-2015).